Horticulture sector has the prime importance in Pakistan Agriculture Industry. The horticulture sector is not only producing fruits and vegetables for local consumption but also earning a handsome amount of foreign exchange through export of fruits and vegetables produced in Pakistan.
Pakistan is blessed with vast agro-environment to produce a variety of temperate, sub-tropical and Mediterranean fruits and vegetables at suitable locations according to the specific climatic requirements of the different fruits and vegetable crops. At present 6963.57 (000 tons) fruits are being produced on an area of 746.62 (000 ha) with an average national yield 9.32 tons /ha. Similarly 3505.90 (000 tons) vegetables are also being produced on an area of 267.51 (000 ha) with an average national yield 13.10 tons /ha. The average national yield of fruits and vegetable crops is quite low when compared with developed/developing countries (Agricultural Statistics of Pakistan 2018-19.). Potato has emerged as one of the high yielding cash crop in Pakistan. During the past one decade it has gained economic importance in the country and there is a rapid increase in cropping area during the last two decades. In year 2018-19 the area under potato cultivation was 196,200 hectare with a total production of 4578900 tons/ha. (Pakistan Economic Survey 2018-19).Three crops of potatoes are grown in Pakistan with an average yield of 23 tonnes per hectare which is very low as compared to the world standards.
The research and development activities are being under taken with the aim to resolve problems and to boost the yield.