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Social Sciences

Social Sciences Division (SSD) of Pakistan Agricultural Research Council (PARC) operates through a network of five social sciences research establishments including Social Sciences Institute (SSI) at NARC Islamabad and four Institutes housed at the provincial agricultural research systems, and one at AJK. Mandate of these institutes is to participate in multidisciplinary research with the provincial and federal research system. SSD role is also to analyze how well new innovations meet farmers needs; and identifying and helping to resolve constraints to technology adoption. It also bridges the gap between policy makers and growers by making them aware of the problems confronted by the growers on the basis of the empirical research findings. 

Socio-Economic Research Achievements

Social scientists of PARC were initially involved in conducting agriculture systems based diagnostic surveys for setting research priorities in all agro-ecological zones of Pakistan. Issues like timeliness of wheat sowing across different cropping systems were identified and further assessment continued at different stages of technology design, validation and scaling up. Resource conservation technologies assessments, varietal diffusion surveys, yield gap analyses, returns to investment in agricultural research were other important areas achieved through collaborative/multi-disciplinary research approaches. A pioneer work was spearheaded on pesticide policy analysis to share scientific information regarding pesticide use externalities at highest policy making levels. Socio-economists have been able to evolve technology evaluation processes while working in national, international and regional projects. These analyses contributed in developing strategies for enhancing the promotion of viable technologies through involving extension and development partners. Detailed studies on marketing structure, conduct and transaction costs were attempted for all important fruits, vegetables and cut-flowers. Niche marketing and value chain analyses are the current research endeavors being undertaken to estimate the economics of alternative enterprises. 

Technology Transfer Activities
The SSD has been undertaking technology transfer activities on a small scale through its research initiatives in all provinces, AJK and GB.A number of field days were organized by these institutes during the last three years in which expert scientists were invited to instruct and interact with the farmers in various cropping zones of the country.
 

The SSD conducted the following studies 

Pakistan Including Federal (ICT) Area:

More then sixty studies have been conducted in alsomost all croping zones of Pakistan. Few important are given below.

S.No.

Title

Year

1.

 Efficiency of lattice design in preliminary yield trials of wheat and groundnut

2006-07

2.

Assessment and impact of goat breed improvement through distribution  of beetal bucks in Barani Village Development Project areas

2006-07

3.

A Constraints Analysis of Dairy Supply Chains

2007-08

4.

Structure, Conduct and Performance of the Marketing System, Margins and Seasonable Price Variations of Selected Fruits and Vegetables in Balochistan, NWFP, Northern Areas and AJK – 2008

2007-08

5.

Socioeconomic, Livelihood, Market and Gender Analysis of of Project Sites in Pakistan ( in collaboration with ICARDA)

2007-08

6.

Survey for diffusion of improved varieties of wheat through informal wheat seed production and distribution in rainfed Pothwar

2007-08

7.

Adoption and Impact of Zero Tillage in the Rice-Wheat Zone of Irrigated Punjab, Pakistan

2007-08

8.

Agricultural Sciences and Technology Indicators for Pakistan  (IFPRI-PARC, 2007)

2007-08

9.

Analysis of Economic Efficiency and Competitiveness of Rice Production Systems of Pakistan’s Punjab

2007-08

10.

Strengthening of Design and Analysis Capabilities in the NARC

2007-08

11.

RADP funded Sub-project “Scientists’ Capacity Building through Training”

2007-08

Azad Jammu and Kashmir (AJK):
Many Studies have been conducted in AJK but few important are given below.

12.

Commercial Fish Farming in AJK

2003-04

13.

Production and Marketing Systems of live Animals and their Productis in AJK.

2003-04

14.

Wheat Consumption Pattern in Muzaffarabad district of AJK.

2004-05

15.

Production constraitns to tomato in muzaffarabad district AJK. A Case Study of Danna Katcheley

2004-05

16.

An Analysis of Farm Mechanization in Barnala Tehsil of Bhimber District.

2004-05

Baluchistan:
More than Twenty four studies have been conducted. Few important are given below

17.

Wheat and Rice varietal adoption in Balochistan.

2005-06

18.

Economics analysis of Cut flowers farming in Balochistan.

2005-06

19.

Wheat varietal adoption survey in Balochistan

2006-07

20.

Rice varietal adoption survey in canal irrigated areas of Balochistan.

2006-07

21.

Performance of BT cotton in Balochistan

2006-07

Punjab:
More than Thirty one Studies have been conducted. Few important are given below

22.

Sugarcane Yield and Crop Management Factors in Central Punjab

2005

23.

Acreage Supply Response Of Rice In The Punjab

2005

24.

Poverty Reduction by Increasing agricultural Productivity in Mixed and Rice-Wheat Cropping Zones of Punjab

2006

25.

Comparative Advantage of Wheat Production in Punjab

2006

26.

Estimation of Post Harvest Losses in Guava in the Punjab

2006

27.

Recommended Technologies and Production Practices at Farm Level: Wheat Scenario

2006

28.

Food Security Through Increasing Wheat Productivity

2006

29.

Impact of Devolution on Agricultural Extension System in the Punjab

2006

31.

Sociology of Livestock Production in the Punjab

2006

32.

Wheat Situation Survey, 2006: Causes of Yield Decline in the irrigated Punjab

2006

Sindh Province:
More than twenty eight studies have been done and few are given below as an example.

33.

Socioeconomic Characteristics of Rural Women in Rice-Wheat Cropping System in Sindh

2005

34.

Impact Assessment of High Capacity Paddy Thresher in Rice Growing Area in Sindh

2006

35.

Socioeconomic Factors Affecting the Adopting of Sunflower in Sindh

2006

36.

Wheat Varietal Verification in the Major Cropping Systems in Sindh: Result from 2005-06

2006

37.

Absolute Poverty in Rural Farm Families: The Case of Major Cropping System of Sindh

2006

38.

Study on Okra Pest Control through IPM Technology in Sindh

2006

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Recent Studies undertaken At SSD:

More than thirty studies have been conducted. Few important are given below.

39.    Vertical Coordination Towards High Value Agriculture in Punjab, Pakistan: Implications for Small Holders and Agribusiness.

40.   Agricultural Research Strategies for Growth and Poverty Alleviation

41.   Analyzing the Performance of Agricultural Advisory Services in Pakistan

42.   Milk Production and Marketing Systems in Two Punjabs: A Comparative Analysis

43.   Contractual Maize Production- A Case Study of Rafhan Maize

44.   Impact of Escalating Energy and Fertilizers Prices on the Productivity of Rice and Wheat Crops in the Punjab-Pakistan

For details on  Agricultural Economic Research Institute at NARC:  [ Click here.... ]

Mr. Azam Niazi

Director

E-mail/ Tel:

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 051-90762441

 

 

 

 

 


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