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Invitro Conservation and Micropropagation Program

Introduction

Some of these vegetatively propagated crops including fruits and vegetables are very much susceptible to viral diseases that can result in complete failure of crop. Thus, availability of disease free planting material is very important for sustained crop productivity. Conservation of plant germplasm of vegetatively propagated species also requires tissue culture technology as these plants cannot be conserved using conventional low temperature storage in the gene banks. Plant tissue culture offers certain advantages over traditional methods of conservation and propagation of plant species. It is used in production of disease free planting material of uniform quality. Tissue Culture Laboratory established at NARC in 1980 is known to be the pioneer tissue culture facility in the country with emphasis on development of skills and transfer of technologies to private sector. PARC has so far organized several training courses of tissue culture technology to train hundreds of participants from public and private sector of Pakistan. These training courses created enough manpower in the country and consequently tissue culture technique is now being utilized by dozens of labs both in public and private sector. High quality disease free planting material is being produced in the country and human resource development in this technology has become possible.

 

Achievements

In vitro conservation and micropropagation program of Plant Genetic Resources Institute is pioneer in introducing the tissue culture technology in Pakistan for the production of healthy plants of vegetatively propagated crops of economic importance. In 1990s, Banana industry of Sind province in Pakistan faced severe disaster due to Banana Bunchy Top Viral disease, which devastated almost entire banana industry of Pakistan. In vitro conservation and micropropagation program acquired new virus free banana germplasm through the International Network for Bananas and Plantains (INIBAP) and introduced certified banana plantations. The disease still persists and PGRI continues to combat it by introducing virus-free planting material. PGRI has also introduced many high yielding banana varieties which have a promise of doubling the production of banana in the country. In vitro conservation and micropropagation program also started the virus free seed potato production in the country. Tissue culture work on potato and date palm is also making steady progress.

 

Services

In vitro conservation and micropropagation program provides disease free planting material of potato and banana.

PUBLICATION

 

Scientific Staff

Dr. Aish Muhammad

Principal Scientific Officer

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Dr. Iqbal Hussain

Senior Scientific Officer

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Resource Person:

Dr. Aish Muhammad, PSO This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it.

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