1. Development, problem-solving, and production oriented research for promotion of aquaculture in the country.
2. Development of cost-effective floating pellet feed for carps and catfish.
3. Introduction of valued fish in the fresh water farming system of Pakistan.
- One Tube Well (10000 liters cap./hour)
- One Reservoir (0.5 ha)
- One Growing Pond (0.3 ha)
- Six Nursery Ponds (0.02 ha each)
- Four Growout Ponds (0.04 ha each)
- Ten Breeding Ponds (0.02 ha each)
- Ten Concrete Raceways (12 tons capacity each)
- Twenty five fiber glass circular tanks (2 tons capacity each)
- One Fish Hatchery
- One Wet Lab with 24 aquaria, for fish holding and subsequent trials
- Three functional Research Labs (fish disease lab, water quality lab and fish nutrition lab)
- Breeding of carps, catfish and ornamental fishes
- Fish Nutrition
- Fish Health Management
- Fish Diseases
Intensification of fish culture to increase per unit area fish production in farm ponds using different managemental inputs (ALP Funded):
The present project has been designed to increase the fish production through intensification of fish culture and timely utilization of inputs such as fertilizer and artificial diets. Judicious use of such inputs and adoption of the intensive fish culture technology can easily enhance the fish production from present level of about 1000-1200 kg/acre to about 1800-2500 kg/acre per year. This has already been demonstrated in other Asian countries such as India, Bangladesh and China. Thus, above referred project activity was undertaken to prove and verify intensive fish culture technology by stocking participating farms in all three provinces with three indigenous or major carp, namely Rohu (Labeorohita), Mrigal(Cirrhinusmrigala) and Catla (Catlacatla) and three exotic Chinese carps i.e. grass carp(Ctenopharyngodonidella) and silver carp (Hypophthalmichthysmolitrix) and common carp (Cyprinuscarpio).
- Trials were conducted to evaluate the balanced diet on the growth of carps with varying levels of crude protein formulated from locally available feed ingredients in aquaria at AFP. Three artificial diets were formulated based on different crude protein (CP) level i.e. 20 %, 25% and 30 % CP. The growth performance of all species of treatments having 30% CP and 25% CP were found to be non significant with each other. Feed containing 25% CP artificial diet level was found to be satisfactory feeding level and have low cost in comparison with rest of the other two treatments.
- A survey of fish farmers in Ali PurChatta, Gujranwala, Hafizabad, Faisalabad, Sheikhupura, Lahore and Attock was conducted. The survey revealed that the farmers were stocking fish @ 1200/acre according to availability with no or limited feeding. After survey, three fish farms were selected for the project.
- The trials were conducted at farmers field at Ali PurChatta, Gujranwala and Faisalabad to evaluate the production performance of carps at various stocking density. The experimental design consists of three treatments of stocking densities 1500, 1800, and 2100 fish/acre at Ali PurChatta and Gujranwala. The species combination stocked in fish ponds of fish were Silver Carp 35%, Rohu 25%, Grass Carp 15%, Mori/Gulfam 20% and additional 5% of channel catfish were added. The experimental design consisted of three treatments of stocking densities 1000 fish/ acre, 1500 fish/ acre and 2000 fish/acre in Faisalabad. After 09 months final data were collected at the time of harvesting. The data indicated that the production level was better at high stocking density @ 2100 fish/acre i.e. 2054 kg/acre with artificial feeding followed by stocking density of 1800 fish/acre where production was found to be 1834 kg/acre with 66% increase in the production where as production of 1511 kg was obtained in pond with stocking density of 1500 fingerling/acre
- An experiment was conducted at Aquaculture and fisheries program to evaluate the production performance of Tilapia at various stocking densities of 8000 fish/ acre, 10000 fish/ acre and 12000 fish/acre. The production of 4500 kg/acre was achieved at stocking density of 12000 fish/acre followed by 4000 kg/acre at stocking density of 10000 fish/acre.
Culture and breeding of ornamental fishes (gold fish, koi carp, and guppies) and feed development for their different developmental stages (RADP Funded):
There is a huge market of ornamental fishes in Pakistan. However, these fish are generally imported, resulting in loss of foreign exchange. This project was started to develop local industry on ornamental fish.
Three experimental diets, containing 30, 35 and 40% crude protein (CP), were compared with imported pellet diet (37% CP) as a control. Growth performance of the experimental fishes was better on 35 and 40% CP level feed. So diet containing 35% CP and can be used as a replacement of imported pelleted diet. Three different diets (35 % CP) supplemented with Spirulina (blue green alga), red beet root and carrot were compared for color enhancement. Diets supplemented with red beet root were found more effective as color enhancer followed by diet containing blue green algae.
Brood stock from locally bred ornamental fish has been developed. Fingerling of Double tail (Carassius auratus auratus), Shubinkin (C. auratus), Local Koi Carp (orange and white) (Cyprinus carpio) and Hi fin Koi Carp (C. carpio) (average initial weight of 10.90 g, 11.50 g, 11.25 g and 10.25 g, respectively) has been stocked in earthen ponds for the brood stock development and fish were fed on 35% CP artificial diet. Brooders of Shubunkin (38 pairs), Double Tail (22 pairs) Double Tail (20 pairs) and High fin Koi carp (29 pairs), Guppies (200 pairs) and Mollies (200 pairs) has been selected and stocked in earthen ponds, raceways and circular fiber glass tanks for breeding trials. Breeding season of ornamental fishes has been determined. The breeding of Double tail (Carassius auratus auratus) breeds starts in December, Shubinkin (C. auratus) breeds in January, Local Koi Carp (orange and white) (Cyprinus carpio) and Hi fin Koi Carp (C. carpio) breeds in February and March. Breeding of Double tail (Carassius auratus auratus), Shubinkin (C. auratus), Local KoiCarp (orange and white) (Cyprinus carpio), Hi fin Koi Carp (C. carpio) has been achieved successfully.
Induced breeding of ornamental fish:
Induced breeding ensures the availability of ornamental fishes throughout the year. Successful breeding trials of ornamental fish were attempted onLocal Koi Carp (orange and white) (06 Pairs), Shubinkin (C. auratus) (10 Pairs) and Double tail (Carassius auratus auratus) (04 pairs) during April 2013 by using synthetic hormone of GnRH (Ovaprim) @ 0.1 ml/kg for male and 0.5 ml/kg for female.
Dissemination of ornamental fish germplasm to public and private sector:
Germplasm of Shubunkin, Double Tail, Koi carp (orange and white) and High fin Koi carp has been transplanted to different farmers, Directorate of Fisheries Khyber Pakhtun Khwa, Peshawar, Directorate of Fisheries, Gilgit Baltistan, Punjab Fisheries Department, Lahore and Aquaculture and Fisheries Department, University of Veterinary and Animal Sceinces, Lahore. Besides, breeding of Shubunkin and High fin Koi carp has been achieved at farmer’s farm of Potohar Region (Jand, district Attock). Culture technology of ornamental fish (Shubunkin and High fin Koi carp) has been transferred to 05 progressive farmers of Potohar Region.
Muhammad Ramzan Ali
Dr Rehana Kausar
Mr. Aziz Ahmad