Google Translate Widget by Infofru

Author Site Reviewresults

Print

Social Sciences

Research of Social Sciences Division (SSD) is widely regarded as provider of substantial benefits to the society at individuals and to local, regional, national and international communities. Agricultural economists, sociologists and other social scientists played a vital role in assessing the economic and social impacts of the adoption of new technologies and measuring returns to investment in agricultural R&D. These assessments provided better understanding of changes induced by technical developments with the impacts of changes realized, the responses of markets and participants in the markets to such changes. This information has also been useful in decision making and policy formulation. It is worth clarifying at the beginning that the output of social sciences research is information (Norton and Schuh, 1981), rather than in some tangible form like varieties, chemical or machinery. The Social Sciences Division (SSD) of PARC operates through its network of Social Sciences Research Institutes (PARC-SSRIs) at Faisalabad, Tandojam, Tarnab Peshawar, NARC and AJK. The Vision, Mission and revised Mandate of SSD is as under:

1.      SSD Vision:

Social side partner in technology evaluation, diffusion and policy research for the prosperity of agriculture and rural development in Pakistan

2.      SSD Mission:

SSD shall strive for attracting and nurturing outstanding scholars in agricultural economics and related social sciences disciplines in the country

3.      SSD Research Mandate:

The socio-economic research agenda managed under SSD shall address the following:

  • Conducting research on farming related socioeconomic problems, national agricultural, food & nutritional security policy, other policies and trade related issues, etc.;
  • Capacity building of the NARS scientists in socio-economic research;
  • Establishing research partnership with provincial academic institutions in their post-graduate research in agricultural social sciences and internship research;
  • Extending socioeconomic support to other technical divisions and sister organizations of the country;
  • Establishing and strengthening partnership in agricultural social sciences research with various national and international organizations; and,
  • Sharing the synthesized empirical research based knowledge to various stakeholders like farmers, agricultural R&D institutions, research planner and policy practitioners through consultative meetings, workshops, seminars, conferences and popular articles in newspapers and magazines.
  • To be an active partner in translating agricultural social sciences and biological sciences research into policy formulation and carryout various policy reforms from time to time.

4.      Composition at Social Sciences Division:

At SSD headquarters, besides synthesizing from the findings of the research carried out at satellite PARC-SSRIs, other researchable issues of national importance and management of gathered primary and secondary data sets shall be carried out through four Directorates. These directorates shall be namely, Directorate of Agricultural Economics, Directorate of Agricultural Marketing and Trade, Directorate of Food and Nutritional Security, and Directorate of Rural Development and Social Change. Their respective mandates shall be as follows:

4.1.    Directorate of Agricultural Economics (Directorate of AE):

The Directorate shall aim at establishing effective coordination among Social Sciences Research Institutes of PARC and its other research establishments in their in-house research, National Agricultural Research Systems (NARS) and International Agricultural Research Systems (IARS). Besides that the assignments related to primary data gathering through satellite SSRIs shall also be implemented by this Directorate. The directorate shall be led by a Chief Scientific Officer (CSO) or Principle Scientific Officer (PSO) having Ph.D. or M.Sc. (Hons)/M.Sc./M.Phil. degree most preferably in the field of Agricultural Economics along with long research experience.

The mandate of this Directorate shall be:

  • To plan, monitor, evaluate and coordinate the research activities of SSD and its satellite PARC-SSRIs;
  • Strategic prioritization of Social Sciences Research agenda in the light of discussions made at various forum of PARC[1] and MNFSR;
  • Synthesize the results from studies conducted at satellite SSRIs for translating into policy briefs & guidelines and reforms in agricultural R&D agenda;
  • Preparing briefs, concept notes etc. for various assignments received from concerned quarters at PARC and MNFSR; and,
  • Preparation of annual research plans and progress reports of SSD for submission to concerned quarters in PARC.

4.2.    Directorate of Agricultural Marketing and Trade (Directorate of AMT):

The Directorate shall aim at finding out how effective marketing and pricing mechanisms for minimizing the share of middlemen as well as enhancing export competitiveness of our agricultural products which can eventually encourage agricultural productivity enhancement and rural poverty alleviation. This directorate shall be led by a Principal Scientific Officer (PSO) or Senior Scientific Officer (SSO) if PSO is not available, having higher degrees and long experience most preferably in the field of Agricultural Economics.

The research mandate of this Directorate shall be:

  • Analysing agricultural marketing issues and monitoring price trends of various agricultural commodities in the country;
  • Analysing the impacts of arrival of fresh fruits & vegetables from neighbouring countries through smuggling and border opening on the production and marketing incentives for the local farmers;
  • Identifying ways and means of developing agricultural value chains in which small holders, rural communities and women are integrated with other value chains actors;
  • To analyse agricultural trade related issues of the country along with compliances under WTO rules/regulations and other international standards;
  • Analysing the impacts of changes taking place on international trade arena on day-to-day basis, trade agreements and other developments in international supply-demand patterns for suggesting appropriate measures to the policy practitioners;
  • Monitoring the implications of taxes, tariffs, duties, subsidies on the comparative advantage and competitiveness of tradable agricultural commodities of the country for suggesting appropriate measures to the policy practitioners.

4.3.    Directorate of Food and Nutritional Security (Directorate of F&NS):

After devolving the Ministry of Food and Agriculture (MINFA) on 30th June 2011, and realizing the importance of achieving universal food and nutritional security in the country, the Ministry of National Food Security and Research (MNFSR) was created by the Government of Pakistan on 26th October 2011. Achieving the goal of universal food and nutritional security requires research based policies, institutions and infrastructure that reinforces agriculture-based livelihoods and protect remote food and nutrition security. At PARC, since the creation of MNFSR, SSD frequently received assignments pertaining to various aspects of food and nutritional security. Moreover, no institution in the country is solely devoted to conduct such research work. Realising the importance of the issue, a separate Directorate has been created in SSD. This directorate shall be led by a Principal Scientific Officer (PSO) or Senior Scientific Officer (SSO) if PSO is not available, having higher degrees and long experience most preferably in the field of Agricultural Economics. For gathering data and other information from the provinces and/or AJK, this Directorate proceed through the Directorate of AE.

The research mandate of this Directorate shall be:

  • Monitoring the impact of changes in the production and prices of food crops and livestock products in the country on food and nutritional security of the dwellers;
  • Monitoring the food consumption patterns by rural-urban, across income groups, intra-household by sex and age groups along with its implications on nutritional status;
  • Monitoring the quality concerns and consumers’ consciousness about the quality of prepared food available to the consumers from different sources along with the health implications;
  • Monitoring the impact of day-to-day changes in the production policy for different crops on national food and nutritional security;
  • Identifying means and ways of ensuring food and nutritional security of the disaster prone and climate change vulnerable areas of the country.

4.4.    Directorate of Rural Development and Social Change (Directorate of RD&SC):

Pakistan was a predominantly a rural country at its independence and it is still rural based. More than three-fifth of its population still resides in rural areas. Realizing the importance of rural economy and scanty research available on rural development and social changes taking place due to various underlying factors, the Directorate of Rural Development and Social Change has been established at SSD level. This directorate shall be led by a Principal Scientific Officer (PSO) or Senior Scientific Officer (SSO) if PSO is not available, having higher degrees and long experience in the fields like, Rural Sociology, Agricultural Extension, Rural Development and Statistics.

The research mandate of this Directorate shall be:

  • To plan, monitor, evaluate and coordinate the research activities of the themes falling under the Rural Development and Social Change Program of the satellite SSRIs;
  • Strategic prioritization of research agenda of the directorate in the light of discussions made at various forum of PARC and MNFSR;
  • Synthesize the results from the studies conducted at satellite SSRIs under RD&SC programs for translating into policy briefs, guidelines and reforms in agricultural R&D agenda;
  • Gathering primary data collected at satellite SSRIs and secondary statistics from various sources for utilization it for analysing supply-demand, production costs, production, price and market outlooks and trends;

5.      Mandate of Satellite Social Sciences Research Institutes (PARC-SSRIs):

Since the SSRIs are located in all provinces of Pakistan, at NARC and AJK, therefore, their mandate is designed keeping in view their regional diversity.

The revised research mandate of PARC-SSRIs shall be:

  • Undertake research on different priority issues of national and regional importance in the field of agricultural social sciences decided after consultative meetings with researchers and other stakeholders in the region;
  • Provide research feedback to the biological scientists working on different crops and livestock technologies in various institutions of their respective regions;
  •  Develop and strengthen linkages with regional research, extension, development, academia and market agencies for overall agricultural and rural development of the region;
  • Capacity building of regional biological scientists and students through organizing training courses, extending consultancy/advisory services and co-supervising the degree and internship research;
  • Sharing the generated information through consultative meetings, workshops, seminars, conferences and popular articles in newspapers and magazines.

5.1.    Composition at Satellite SSRIs:

Except PARC-SSRI, NARC, all satellite PARC-SSRIs shall have two research programs namely, Agricultural Economics Research Program (AER-Program) and Rural Development and Social Change Program (RD&SC-Program). PARC-SSRI at NARC shall have one more program namely Statistics and Computing Program (S&C Program) mandated with a specific task of providing computing support to the Biological Scientists of NARC & Universities’ students as well as managing both the primary and secondary data sets.

5.1.1.    Agricultural Economics Research Program (AER-Program):

            This program shall be led by a Senior Scientific Officer (SSO) having at least M.Sc. (Hons)/M.Sc./M.Phil. degree and long experience most preferably in the field of Agricultural Economics and/or Applied Economics.

The specific functions of AER-Program shall be as follows:

  • To perceive problems at farmers’ fields and translate into research priorities for biological and social scientist;
  • To conduct ex-ante analysis about the diffusion potential of various technologies developed at their respective provincial agricultural research institutes/centres;
  • To conduct socio-economic and other impacts analyses of technologies released by their provincial agricultural research institute/centres, identifying farm level constraints in their adoption, and suggesting further refinements in the devised technologies and policy interventions (if required);
  • To periodically monitor the diffusion and adoption of various crop varietal, crop management and livestock production technologies for providing feedback to the biological scientists and other stakeholders;
  • To conduct research on various farms & farmers production, marketing, post-harvest commodity/product handling, value chains, climate change, technology transfer and policy related issues of their respective provinces/regions;
  • To extend technical support to post-graduate research students and internees of the universities of their respective provinces/regions;

The AER-Program Incharge will supervise the research activities falling under the following SSD themes:

  • Agricultural production and resource conservation
  • Agricultural transformation and diversification
  • Agricultural marketing and value chain analysis
  • Globalization and trade
  • Food and nutritional security
  • Agricultural policy analysis
  • Climate change adaptations, risks and uncertainty
  • Smallholder agriculture (economic analysis)
  • Technology transfer and impact assessment (economic analysis and spillover impacts)

5.1.2    Rural Development and Social Change Program (RD&SC-Program):

Rural development is the ultimate goal of food, agricultural and rural development policies whereas the social and economic transformations are accompanied with it. The RD& SC-Program shall conduct research on rural development and social changes related impacts of various agricultural and non-agricultural interventions taken place in rural settings. This program shall be led by a Senior Scientific Officer (SSO) having M.Sc. (Hons)/M.Sc./M.Phil. degree and long research experience in the field of Rural Development, Agricultural Extension, Sociology/Rural sociology/Anthropology and Agricultural Extension.

The specific functions of RD&SC-Program shall be as follows:

  • To generate data and conducting research in areas related to overall transformation/ development of rural economy of the country;
  • To conduct research on ways and means of improving rural households’ livelihoods for alleviating rural poverty on rapid pace;
  • To documents the social issues of smallholders farmers, landless households and gender empowerment in rural settings;
  • To document social impacts of newly generated technologies and other development taking place in peri-urban and rural settings;
  • To prepare the research evidence based rural development and social policy recommendations associated with all aspects of Pakistan’s rural economy.

The RD&SC-Program Incharge will supervise the research activities falling under the following SSD themes:

  • Agricultural livelihood and rural poverty
  • Smallholder agriculture (social issues)
  • Women in agriculture
  • Technology transfer and impact assessment (social impacts)
  • Knowledge management, sharing and capacity building

5.1.3.    Statistics and Computing Program, PARC-SSRI, NARC (S&C-Program):

Theoretically, the subject of statistics deals with the set of tools for collecting and summarizing data, and for using the data to draw inference from the population which is supposed to represent. In agricultural research institutions, generally the scientists gather and/ or manage data by themselves and its duplicate copy is not available with any other. Therefore, when some need arises to use that data for further research or other purposes, it is not available. On the other hand, in international organizations and research institutions, past data is carefully managed in some archive. The need for such program has been realized since long and in the past, some efforts were made to gather the published reports of various agriculture departments, statistics division/bureaus and census organized were nicely managed by the Computer and Statistics Unit at NARC Islamabad.

The S&C-Program at PARC-SSRI, NARC shall be led by a Principal Scientific Officer (PSO) or a Senior Scientific Officer (SS) if PSO is not available, having higher degrees and experience in the field of Biometry/Statistics/Applied Statistics with long experience in computing and manging statistical data.

The mandate of this program shall be as under:

  • To undertake basic, applied and strategic research in agricultural statistics and related fields in Pakistan;
  • To carry out human resource development by conducting trainings in agricultural statistics, computer applications/softwares at national and international;
  • To establish professional association with various R&D institutions and departments of agriculture and allied fields of various universities in Pakistan;
  • To manage both the primary and secondary data sets like agricultural crops, livestock, agriculture & farm machinery censuses, Household Income and Expenditure Surveys (HIES) and primary data gathered by various national organizations through surveys as well as farm level surveys by satellite SSRIs of SSD; and,
  • To provide advisory and consultancy services in experimental designs, sampling for various farmers’ fields surveys for strengthening the National Agricultural Research System (NARS) of Pakistan.

The SSD conducted the following studies 

Pakistan Including Federal (ICT) Area:

More then sixty studies have been conducted in alsomost all croping zones of Pakistan. Few important are given below.

S.No.

Title

Year

1.

 Efficiency of lattice design in preliminary yield trials of wheat and groundnut

2006-07

2.

Assessment and impact of goat breed improvement through distribution  of beetal bucks in Barani Village Development Project areas

2006-07

3.

A Constraints Analysis of Dairy Supply Chains

2007-08

4.

Structure, Conduct and Performance of the Marketing System, Margins and Seasonable Price Variations of Selected Fruits and Vegetables in Balochistan, NWFP, Northern Areas and AJK – 2008

2007-08

5.

Socioeconomic, Livelihood, Market and Gender Analysis of of Project Sites in Pakistan ( in collaboration with ICARDA)

2007-08

6.

Survey for diffusion of improved varieties of wheat through informal wheat seed production and distribution in rainfed Pothwar

2007-08

7.

Adoption and Impact of Zero Tillage in the Rice-Wheat Zone of Irrigated Punjab, Pakistan

2007-08

8.

Agricultural Sciences and Technology Indicators for Pakistan  (IFPRI-PARC, 2007)

2007-08

9.

Analysis of Economic Efficiency and Competitiveness of Rice Production Systems of Pakistan’s Punjab

2007-08

10.

Strengthening of Design and Analysis Capabilities in the NARC

2007-08

11.

RADP funded Sub-project “Scientists’ Capacity Building through Training”

2007-08

Azad Jammu and Kashmir (AJK):
Many Studies have been conducted in AJK but few important are given below.

12.

Commercial Fish Farming in AJK

2003-04

13.

Production and Marketing Systems of live Animals and their Productis in AJK.

2003-04

14.

Wheat Consumption Pattern in Muzaffarabad district of AJK.

2004-05

15.

Production constraitns to tomato in muzaffarabad district AJK. A Case Study of Danna Katcheley

2004-05

16.

An Analysis of Farm Mechanization in Barnala Tehsil of Bhimber District.

2004-05

Baluchistan:
More than Twenty four studies have been conducted. Few important are given below

17.

Wheat and Rice varietal adoption in Balochistan.

2005-06

18.

Economics analysis of Cut flowers farming in Balochistan.

2005-06

19.

Wheat varietal adoption survey in Balochistan

2006-07

20.

Rice varietal adoption survey in canal irrigated areas of Balochistan.

2006-07

21.

Performance of BT cotton in Balochistan

2006-07

Punjab:
More than Thirty one Studies have been conducted. Few important are given below

22.

Sugarcane Yield and Crop Management Factors in Central Punjab

2005

23.

Acreage Supply Response Of Rice In The Punjab

2005

24.

Poverty Reduction by Increasing agricultural Productivity in Mixed and Rice-Wheat Cropping Zones of Punjab

2006

25.

Comparative Advantage of Wheat Production in Punjab

2006

26.

Estimation of Post Harvest Losses in Guava in the Punjab

2006

27.

Recommended Technologies and Production Practices at Farm Level: Wheat Scenario

2006

28.

Food Security Through Increasing Wheat Productivity

2006

29.

Impact of Devolution on Agricultural Extension System in the Punjab

2006

31.

Sociology of Livestock Production in the Punjab

2006

32.

Wheat Situation Survey, 2006: Causes of Yield Decline in the irrigated Punjab

2006

Sindh Province:
More than twenty eight studies have been done and few are given below as an example.

33.

Socioeconomic Characteristics of Rural Women in Rice-Wheat Cropping System in Sindh

2005

34.

Impact Assessment of High Capacity Paddy Thresher in Rice Growing Area in Sindh

2006

35.

Socioeconomic Factors Affecting the Adopting of Sunflower in Sindh

2006

36.

Wheat Varietal Verification in the Major Cropping Systems in Sindh: Result from 2005-06

2006

37.

Absolute Poverty in Rural Farm Families: The Case of Major Cropping System of Sindh

2006

38.

Study on Okra Pest Control through IPM Technology in Sindh

2006

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Recent Studies undertaken At SSD:

More than thirty studies have been conducted. Few important are given below.

39.    Vertical Coordination Towards High Value Agriculture in Punjab, Pakistan: Implications for Small Holders and Agribusiness.

40.   Agricultural Research Strategies for Growth and Poverty Alleviation

41.   Analyzing the Performance of Agricultural Advisory Services in Pakistan

42.   Milk Production and Marketing Systems in Two Punjabs: A Comparative Analysis

43.   Contractual Maize Production- A Case Study of Rafhan Maize

44.   Impact of Escalating Energy and Fertilizers Prices on the Productivity of Rice and Wheat Crops in the Punjab-Pakistan

For details on  Agricultural Economic Research Institute at NARC:  [ Click here.... ]

 

Resource Person:

Dr. Umer Farooq

Member(Social Sciences)

E-mail/ Tel:

  This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it. ;  051-90762441

 


*******

PARC Toll Free
Help Desk (8:00am to 4:00pm)

  +92-51-0800-84420

Follow Us on

TwitterRSS Feed