Poultry, the fastest converter of crude nutrients into high quality of animal proteins, offers a rapid way to overcome Pakistan’s shortage of protein of animal origin. From the start of poultry industry in Pakistan, a number of exotic strains have been imported mainly from the temperate countries. Introduction of these high yielding exotic germplasm have contributed significantly in the progress of this sector. With the development of these exotic commercial lines in Pakistan, no attention has been given to our indigenous poultry industry, which still contributes 32% share to our national requirement of eggs and 15 % share to meat product. Our indigenous poultry possesses bright prospects for future development in view of easy and abundant availability of all the requisite inputs such as land, labor and feed resources in rural areas and lower cost of production as compared to commercial poultry. Indigenous chickens have the advantage of being well adapted to the local environmental conditions (hot cold humid dry and rainy weather). These chickens are scavengers by nature and scavenge for their own feed from morning to evening around houses and fields. They depend on field grains, insects, earthworms, green matters, crop residues, homestead pickings and kitchen wastes. Another advantage of the desi chicken is the good taste & flavor of both eggs and meat as claimed by the common consumer. In order to enhance the rural poultry egg and meat production, it is desirable to develop breeds with better egg & meat production and suitable to the local environment. Selection, development and conservation of indigenous poultry breeds and hybridizing with high producing exotic breeds will help us to develop high producing dual purpose breed for rural areas. These hybridized local genetic resources can be further utilized to develop our own dual purpose rural chickens, adjustable to the local environmental conditions.
Wildlife research facility was development with the aim to conserve the endangered wild animal and birds through the captive breeding under the research on propagation of wild animals and birds in captivity and transfer of this technology to the farmers.
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