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Maize

MAIZE

 

How many varieties have been developed by PARC and which are the varieties recommended for general cultivation?

Ans. Maize varieties developed/released under cooperative research programme of PARC at various research institutes in Pakistan:

VARIETIES

INSTITUTE

TYPE

COLOUR

MATURITY DAYS

GAUHER

NARC, Islamabad

Semi Dent

White

90-95

KASHMIR GOLD

NARC, Islamabad

Semi Dent

Yellow

110

DEHQAN

CCRI, Pirsabak

Semi Dent

White

110

FAISAL

MMRI, Yousafwala

Semi Dent

Yellow

100

GOLDEN PEARL

MMRI, Yousafwala

Semi Dent

Yellow

120

AFRAT

MMRI, Yousafwala

Flint

Yellow

100

SUNEHRI

MMRI, Yousafwala

Semi Dent

Yellow

100

SULTAN

MMRI, Yousafwala

Semi Dent

Yellow

115

AGAITI‑85

MMRI, Yousafwala

Semi Dent

Yellow

90

GOLDEN

MMRI, Yousafwala

Semi Dent

Yellow

115

AGAITI‑2002

MMRI, Yousafwala

Semi Dent

Yellow

90

SAHIWAL‑2002

MMRI, Yousafwala

Semi Dent

Yellow

115

MMRI Yellow

MMRI, Yousafwala

Semi Dent

Yellow

115

CHANDNI

MMRI, Yousafwala

Semi Flint

White

110

EHSAN

CCRI, Pirsabak

Semi Dent

White

100

MANAWAR

CCRI, Pirsabak

Semi Dent

White

110

SARHAD WHITE

CCRI, Pirsabak

Semi Dent

White

105

SARHAD YELLOW

CCRI, Pirsabak

Semi Dent

Yellow

110

KISSAN

CCRI, Pirsabak

Semi Dent

White

95

NEW SHAHEEN

CCRI, Pirsabak

Flint

White

75

AZAM

CCRI, Pirsabak

Semi Dent

White

95

PAHARI

CCRI, Pirsabak

Semi Dent

White

110

JALAL

CCRI, Pirsabak

Semi Dent

White

100

Iqbal

CCRI, Pirsabak

Semi Dent

White

105

 

Maize varieties in pipeline under cooperative research programme of PARC at various research institutes in Pakistan:

VARIETIES

INSTITUTE

TYPE

COLOUR

MATURITY

DAYS

SOAN-3

NARC, Islamabad

Semi Dent

White

85

ISLAMABADWHITE

NARC, Islamabad

Semi Dent

White

95

ISLAMABADGOLD

NARC, Islamabad

Semi Dent

Yellow

95

EV-6098

MMRI, Yousafwala

Semi Dent

White

115

POP 2004

CCRI, Pirsabak

Semi Dent

White

100

BS01

CCRI, Pirsabak

Semi Dent

White

95

 

 

Varieties recommended currently for general cultivation:

VARIETIES

INSTITUTE

TYPE

COLOUR

MATURITY

DAYS

KASHMIR GOLD

NARC, Islamabad

Semi Dent

Yellow

110

GOLDEN

MMRI, Yousafwala

Semi Dent

Yellow

115

AGAITI‑2002

MMRI, Yousafwala

Semi Dent

Yellow

90

SAHIWAL‑2002

MMRI, Yousafwala

Semi Dent

Yellow

115

CHANDNI

MMRI, Yousafwala

Semi Flint

White

110

MMRI YELLOW

MMRI, Yousafwala

Semi Dent

Yellow

115

SARHAD WHITE

CCRI, Pirsabak

Semi Dent

White

105

SARHAD YELLOW

CCRI, Pirsabak

Semi Dent

White

110

KISSAN

CCRI, Pirsabak

Semi Dent

White

95

AZAM

CCRI, Pirsabak

Semi Dent

White

95

PAHARI

CCRI, Pirsabak

Semi Dent

White

95

JALAL

CCRI, Pirsabak

Semi Dent

White

100

IQBAL

CCRI, Pirsabak

Semi Dent

White

110

 

How many hybrids have been developed by PARC and which are the hybrids recommended for general cultivation?

Ans. Maize hybrids developed/released under cooperative research programme of PARC at various research institutes in Pakistan:

HYBRIDS

INSTITUTE

TYPE

COLOUR

MATURITY

DAYS

BABAR

Currently cultivated

CCRI, Pirsabak

Semi Dent

White

115

GHOURI

Currently cultivated

CCRI, Pirsabak

Semi Dent

White

115

KARAMAT

Currently cultivated

CCRI, Pirsabak

Semi Dent

White

110

FSH-810

Currently cultivated

MMRI, Yousafwala

Semi Dent

Yellow

115

YOUSAFWALA  HYBRID

Currently cultivated

MMRI, Yousafwala

Semi Dent

Yellow

115

NARC 2704

NARC, ISLAMABAD

Semi Dent

White

100

 

Which are the recommended fertilizers and their doses per acre?

Ans. 

Essential nutrients required for improved varieties to enhance production of maize are:

  • Nitrogen: 120 kg/ha      

  • Phosphorus: 60 kg/ha

  • Potassium: 60 kg/ha.

 The quantity of fertilizers used will be:

          Urea = 5.0 bags/ha        1.5 bag at sowing, 1.5 bag at 3-4 leaf stage, 1.0 bag at knee height and 1.0 bag before flowering

  • DAP = 2.5 bags/ha        at sowing

  • K2O = 2.5 bags/ha       1.5 bag at sowing and 1.0 bag at knee height

 Essential nutrients required for hybrids to enhance production of maize are:

  • Nitrogen: 160 kg/ha

  • Phosphorus: 80 kg/ha

  • Potassium: 60 kg/ha.

 The quantity of fertilizers used will be:

          Urea = 6.5 bags/ha      2.0 bag at sowing, 1.5 bag at 3-4 leaf stage, 1.5 bag at knee height and 1.5 bag before flowering

  • DAP = 3.5 bags/ha      at sowing

  • K2O = 2.5 bags/ha     1.5 bag at sowing and 1.0 bag at knee height

What are the sources of seed availability?

Ans. Availability of quality seed of improved varieties/hybrids is very limited. It could be available from all relevant research institutes in Public sector and all Private seed companies dealing in maize.

 

            Which are the major diseases and insect pests of maize and how these can be controlled?

Ans.

  • Major diseases are:

             Stalk Rot and Leaf Blight

             Both can be minimized through seed treatment by suitable fungicides such as Vitavex, Benlate.

  • Insect Pests:

Insect pests of economic importance are:

Stem Borer and Shoot Fly

Both can be controlled by application of insecticides such as Furadan Granules @ 20 kg/ha in the whorl at 3-4 leaf stage of the crop or crop can be sprayed at the same initial stage or later if necessary by application of Karate, Monitor, Fenvelerate, Sumicidin @ 650-1000 ml/ha

What are the major recommendations for farmers to improve maize production?

Ans.

Variety/Hybrid

As recommended by the Agricultural Research Institutes and/or Private seed companies according to the areas.

Seed Rate

30 kg/ha

Plant Density

75,000 - 80,000 plants/ha

Sowing Method

Line sowing on ridges with row to row distance of 60-70 cm and plant to plant distance of 20-25 cm.

Deep Tillage

In rainfed areas, deep tillage practice is essential for the preservation of moisture in the soil. It may be done by Mould Board Plough or by Raja Hall.

Fertilizers

For varieties: Urea        : 5.0 bags/ha         For hybrids:     Urea       : 6.5 bags/ha

                      DAP        : 2.5 bags /ha                                DAP       : 3.5 bags/ha

                      Potash    : 2.5 bags/ha                                  Potash   :  2.5 bags/ha

Weed Control

Chemical method of weeds control is easy, time saving and economical.

Primextra Gold: 1.0 litre/ha just after maize sowing

Where prenial weeds like Baru grass are present especially in rainfed areas, then also spray

Round Up: 3.5-5.0 litre/ha before land preparation on standing weeds depending upon the density. (For perennial weeds)

Irrigation

In irrigated areas, timely and proper irrigation according to the area, temperature is essential.

 

How can we get fodder and grains from maize fields?

Ans. Divide the field as per fodder requirement such as 1:3, 1:4 etc. Plant maize for grain at low density as recommended above and plant fodder part at high density and use for fodder as and when required. This will give fodder as well as grains without loosing grain production.  

Resource Person

Dr. M. Shafiq Zahid  (PSO)

This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it.

 

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