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Linseed

LINSEED

Linseed is a long day plant and cultivated in 34 countries of the world. It is one of the major agro-industrial oilseed crops. Its seed contains 33-43% oil of drying type and 24% protein. Its oil has high percentages of unsaturated fatty acids, it is mainly used in paint and varnish industries. Moreover, its oil contains 75% linolineic acid and 17% linoleic acid. As a seed crop, it can be grown at high altitude ranging from 1000-3000 feet. Being a cool season crop it requires moderate to cool temperature.

 

 

In Pakistan, linseed is grown on marginal and sub-marginal lands under irrigated as well as rainfed conditions of Punjab and Sindh provinces with 1340 and 4092 ha (2008-09) respectively. In Punjab, it is cultivated mainly in districts of Faisalabad, TT Singh, Gujarat, MB Din, Sargodha, Narowal, Sahiwal, Layyah, Bahawalpur and Bahawalnagar. Whereas in Sindh, it is grown in Jacobabad, Shikarpur, Larkana and Dadu districts. Its national average yield during 2008-09 was 673 kg/ha.

Province wise area, production and yield of linseed

Year

Punjab

Sindh

NWFP

Balochistan

Pakistan

(Area in hectares) 

2000-01   

1897

2832

-

-

4729

2001-02   

1800

4353

-

-

6153

2002-03   

1675

4271

-

-

5946

2003-04

1613

4559

-

-

6172

2004-05

1411

4037

-

-

5448

2005-06

1397

4419

-

-

5816

2006-07

1299

3942

-

-

5241

2007-08

1261

3386

-

-

4647

2008-09

1340

4092

-

-

5432

2009-10 1137 3070 - - 4207

(Production in tonnes) 

2000-01   

1550

1160

-

-

2710

2001-02   

1417

1604

-

-

3021

2002-03   

1335

1631

-

-

2966

2003-04    

1243

1848

-

-

3091

2004-05

1105

1453

-

-

2558

2005-06

1077

1704

-

-

2781

2006-07

1020

2611

-

-

3631

2007-08

953

2152

-

-

3105

2008-09

1013

2643

-

-

3656

2009-10 803 1911 - - 2714

(Yield in kgs per hectare) 

2000-01   

817

410

-

-

573

2001-02   

787

368

-

-

491

2002-03   

797

382

-

-

499

2003-04    

771

705

-

-

501

2004-05

783

360

-

-

470

2005-06

771

386

-

-

478

2006-07

785

662

-

-

693

2007-08

756

636

-

-

668

2008-09

756

646

-

-

673

2009-10 706 622 - - 645

Source:  Agric. Statistics of Pakistan, 2009-10

PRODUCTION TECHNOLOGY

Soil:                                                        Light sandy and mera land

Seed bed preparation:                      2-3 ploughings with planking.

Planting Time:                                   

                                                                Irrigated area:                        15 October to 15 November

                                                                Rainfed area:                         1st October to 15 November

Seed rate (drill planting):                                   

                                                                Irrigated area:                        6 kg /acre  (15 kg/ha)

                                                                Barani area:                           8 kg /acre  (20 kg/ha)

Method of Planting:                            With hand drill in lines

                                                                Rows Spacing       30 or 45 cm

                                                                Plants Spacing      10 cm

Thinning:                                              10  -  15  days after germination

Fertilizer:                                              One bag urea + one bag DAP at the time of bed preparation

Irrigations:                                           3-4           1.             15-20 days after germination 

                                                                                 2.             At flowering

                                                                                3.             At fruiting

Weed control:                                     Weeding with Tarphali or rotary hoe after first  irrigation

                                                               Weeding with Tarphali or rotary hoe after Second irrigation

Harvesting and Threshing:              Mid April  to  Mid May

Storage:                                               Store at about 8 to 10 percent moisture level in dry place

Focal Person:

Dr. Muhammad Yasin Mirza, PSO

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Tel:

051-90733568

 

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