Climate Change and rapid urbanization are leading to soil degradation across the globe threatening food security, global ecosystem and biodiversity. Approximately, more than 6 million hectares soils suffer from degradation and lose its fertility. Particularly, the lands developed in arid and semiarid areas are more vulnerable to degradation.
In this context Soil Science of Pakistan and Land Resources Research Institute (LRRI), NARC planned to organize a national seminar entitled “Threats to Soil; Changing Climate and Rapid Urbanization” at National Agricultural Research Centre on June 17th, 2019. As per objectives of the Seminar integrated research on the soil threats like erosion, salinity, communication, organic matter decline etc. and their impact on overall agricultural productivity and thus on status of food security in the country was discussed by the speakers.
The speakers of the Seminar also share their knowledge of various modern techniques for remedial measures to cope with threats to soils. They also discussed to promote research related to soil & environment and sharing various research outputs for soil health improvement, soil sanity status, assessment on urbanization rate, Climate Change Scenario and impacts and drought with particular emphasis on challenges in food security.
The speakers were also of the view that during past few decades, rapid urbanization and industrialization, deforestation, absence of efficient of drainage systems, failure to comply with sustainable irrigation regimes, improper use of soil amendments / fertilizers to gain more yields of agricultural crops have led to create soil hazards. For that reason, negative factors such as the secondary salinization and deforestation have affected strongly to the production of agricultural products and reduced the income of the population.
Dr. Muhammad Azeem Khan, Member, Food Security and Climate Change, Planning Commission of Pakistan, Islamabad was the Chief Guest of the occasion. Vice Chancellors, Head of Departments from different University of Pakistan attended the National Seminar. At the end of the Seminar, Prof. Dr. Saifullah Kan, Director, Soil Science Research Institute, Barani Agriculture University, Rawalpindi paid vote of thanks to the all participants of the Seminar.
(Edited by: Dr. Muhammad Arshad Ullah)
Director (SC&P), NARC