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Honeybee

HONEYBEE PROGRAM

NARC, Islamabad

INTRODUCTION

Research in apiculture at federal level was initiated by PARC in July 1976 under a coordinated programme of “Honeybee Management” funded through PL-480 grant. After the termination of this programme, the project was transferred to the non-development budget of PARC as its core activity in 1987. A full-fledged Honeybee Research Institute was established with its own building, including laboratories, under another project funded by GTZ in 1989.
 

Honeybee Research Institute (HBRI) has practically promoted beekeeping with Apis mellifera in the country. Several attempts were made for introduction of A. mellifera by various scientists from 1927 to 1976 but without any success. However, after 16 unsuccessful attempts, PARC took this challenging job and during 1977 imported some honeybee A. mellifera colonies as package bees from Australia. Out of these some were multiplied at research stations and few were given to progressive beekeepers associated with indigenous honeybee at that time. In this way PARC was succeeded in introducing this species and traditional beekeeping switched to beekeeping A. mellifera in Langstroth modern beehives and most of the beekeepers are now getting optimum results.

HBRI has practically promoted beekeeping with Apis mellifera in terms of colony management, queen breeding, honey extraction techniques, reduction in post-harvest losses, nutrition, pests and diseases and pollination of entomophilous crops, improving skills of beekeepers, wax recycling for wax foundation sheets through training to agricultural extension staff, beekeepers, universities, research institutes and technical training institutes. At present scenario, there are 400,000 colonies of this species and honey production increased tremendously. However, carrying capacity of floral source has potential of 10 times. This is the success story of PARC for the establishment of this species in the country.

 

FACILITIES

• Improvement of integrated honeybee management technology to increase hive products

• Intensive honeybee queen breeding

• Control of pests and diseases using low cost indigenous material

• Promotion of honeybee by-product technology and value added products

• Conservation and management of pollinators

• Strengthen of honey analysis lab. at NARC

• Capacity building and awareness raising for conserving indigenous honeybee species

• Organize training courses for livelihood

SERVICES

·         Backstopping-provision of wax foundation sheets to small beekeepers of Apis.cerana and A. mellifera

·         Provision of quality queens to beekeepers and provincial institutes

·         Saleof bi- product from experimental honey producing colonies.

·         Training for making beekeeping equipment

·         Ornamental/ Minor honey plant (Antigonan leptopus) “Chain of Love” available for sale

·         Introductory package of pollen capsules and royal jelly as health food has been introduced

·         Training for promotion of beekeeping for income generation (interested person can apply on the prescribed proforma for training given below):-

 

BEEKEEPING TRAINING COURSE
This course will be a blend of theoretical knowledge and hands on training in the field on an apiary of bee colonies and in honey quality and disease diagnostic lab. Half of the training time will be devoted to work sessions for practicing the techniques taught in the lectures. All beekeeping equipment will also be introduced in the training programme.

RRENT RESEARCH

Improvement in the production techniques of royal jelly, pollen, propolis, beeswax and their value added products for livelihood
Objectives:

·         To improve and standardize techniques for the production of royal jelly, pollen, propolis and beeswax

·         Transfer of technologies to the stakeholders to produce bee hive products and to prepare value added products from these by-products

Conservation and Management of Pollinators for Sustainable Agriculture through an Ecosystem Approach, a Global Environment Facility (GEF)

Project supported from the United Nations Environmental Programme (UNEP) through FAO
Objectives:

·         Identify activities that can address the threats to pollinators, and which will expand understanding, capacity and awareness about the conservation and sustainable use of pollinators for agriculture.

Improving Livelihoods through Knowledge Partnerships and Value Chains of Bee Products & Services in the Himalayas
Objectives:

·         Pro-Poor Value Chains for Bee Products and Services

·         National Honey Trade Policy

·         Networking for Information Sharing

·         Pollination and Ecosystem Services

·         Up-scaling at National Level

TECHNOLOGIES DEVELOPED

·         A cost benefit package of technology consisting of 5 to 200 bee colonies devised for amateurs, beginners and professional beekeepers

·         Migratory beekeeping introduced after surveying nectar and pollen resources considerable increase in per colony production resulted in the overall increase in national production.

·         A simple methodology is devised for production of new queens and 20-30% annual re-queening in apiary resulted populous colonies with less swarming tendency and increased honey production.

·         Introduced modern honey extraction techniques to avoid post-harvest losses. It also improved the honey quality.

·         A schedule of disease pests and predators control was worked out. Introduced shaking technique incorporated with immersion paraffin wax at 110oC increased life of wooden bee hives and controlled American Foul Brood disease.

·         Summer management techniques developed to overcome dearth period impacts. It included supplemental feeding, placement of colonies at cooler places and control of hornets.

·         Winter management techniques were devised. It included additional feeding, placing colonies in group, less inspection covering colonies with straw canopies and narrowing hive entrance.

·         A new type of pollen trap devised for collecting pollen from bee hives.

NATIONAL & INTERNATIONAL LINKAGES DEVELOPED
The main objective of the project is (i) to enhance the resilience of mountain people to manage the effects of global change (ii) to increase the income of mountain men and women (iii) promotion of the value chains of bee products (Pollen, Propolis, Beeswax, Royal Jelly and bee venom) and pollination services and (iv) building of human, institutional capacities and regional cooperation.

·         Farmers market (PVT), Hydroponically Grown, Rawalpindi.

·         Hashoo Foundation Northern Areas of Pakistan

·         Qarshi Industries Hattar, Industrial Area, District Hari Purr Pakistan.

·         Zari Taraqiati Bank (ZTBL).

·         Bee keepers Association, Tarnab Peshawar.

·         Universityof Agriculture, Peshawar

·         Department of Agriculture, AJK

·         All Pakistan beekeepers exporters and honey traders association Islamabad

·         DANAS Pharmaceuticals Pakistan Islamabad

·         PakistanBeekeepers Federation, Islamabad

·         AKRSP

·         Punjab Seed Corporation.

·         NationalCenterfor Rural Development (NCRD)

·         SMEDA (Small and Medium enterprises development authority)


ACHIEVEMENTS

·         Beekeeping emerged as cottage industry in Pakistan

·         Exotic honeybee Apis mellifera established in Pakistan

·         The introduced honeybee increased to about 400,000 colonies, at present in all the four provinces and AJK.

·         About 9000 beekeepers, trained including women.

·         Rural women are successfully generating income from beekeeping.

·         Organized 2 International, 28 national and 95 regional beekeeping training courses.

·         Provincial beekeeping units strengthened including AJK and Northern area.

·         Established Qaumi Idara-e-Nehliyat at Islamabad. Pak Beekeepers Societies in Sindh and NWFP.

·         A technology for production of honeybee queens on large scale has been developed by Honeybee Research Institute which has initiated queen production of required characters.

·         A new type of bottom board devised which allowed enough aeration in the bee box during hot months of the year.

 

·         Introduced honey production from sunflower and Kalonji.

·         Pollination trials in sunflower crop successfully increased the crop yield.

·         New type of pollen trap was devised.

·         Devised hornet control cage which proved to be quiet effective.

·         Soft chemicals like thymol and formic acid were introduced for controlling parasitic mites.

·         Essential oils i.e. Neem and Garlic oils proved effective against mites of honeybees.

·         Tobacco followed by Euclyspteus smoke also introduced for controlling the mites.

 

·         Production of value added products (royal jelly, pollen, propolis, bees wax etc) demonstrated to progressive beekeepers.

·         The honey specifications have been expanded and updated by the advanced countries in view of the possibilities of adulteration and contamination of honey. The international honey standards have changed. The honey quality criteria specified in the European directive and in the Codex Alimentarious Standard have been revised. The better and faster analytical methods are available with HBRI.

·         HBRI has synchronize their activities by establishing/collaborating with Pakistan Agro-tech Company Private Ltd (PATCO) for up-scaling and marketing high value bee products by helping small honey producers to have access to marketing and processing facilities. This joint effort is helping farmers to include their product in quality supply chain.

SCIENTIFIC STAFF 

 

S.No.

Name

Designation

 Cell Phone

E-mail

 

 

 

 

 

01.

Dr. Elizabeth Stephen

PSO/Director

0300-5359972

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02.

Mr. M. S. Munawar

PSO

0344-8586397

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03.

Mr. Rashid Mahmood

SSO

0300-5818144

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04.

Mrs. Farida Iftikhar

PSO

0305-5288127

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05.

Mr. Ghulam Sarwar

SSO

0333-5492150

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06.

Mr. Noor Islam

SO

0336-5382442

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PARC Toll Free
Help Desk (9:00am to 5:00pm)

0800-84420

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